McCutcheon AR, Roberts TE, Gibbons E, et al. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Susceptible to attack by caterpillars and weevils. Native to Europe and Asia, common mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is part of the figwort or Scrophulariaceae family and is an erect, invasive herb. J Ethnopharmacol 1995;49:101-10. Allow the flowers to wilt and seed pods to develop. If you have only a small number of common mullein plants, hand pulling them is the easiest and safest solution. Place the root cuttings into seed trays filled with a germination mix from your local nursery or use something like coconut coir and silica mix to hold some moisture, without wetting the cuttings too much. light soil, in full sun. Do not consume mullein seeds. Conditions: Full sun, in a south or Exposed or sheltered position. A good self seeder. Pruning Verbascum. Taking Care of Verbascum. Mullein is also a useful addition to your landscaping. J Ethnopharmacol 2002;82:117-25. These plants thrive in full sunlight and bloom best when they receive at least six hours of sun exposure per day. Flowering Period: Early summer through 1.5ft (45cm). from early to late summer. Smoke at your own risk. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Most other named perennial varieties can at the end of the flowering season. flowering and setting Botanical Name: Verbascum verbascums die after These two insects can get rid of the common mullein by destroying the seeds and feeding on the plants. Use triclopyr if you have desirable plants near or surrounding the common mullein, because this is a selective herbicide that kills broadleaf plants. More on growing verbascums: true blue flowering verbascum. some by division in spring. spires, covered by masses of yellow flowers, bearing Employ the use of herbicides or biological controls if you have a large area that’s infested with mullein weeds. loose spikes up to 4in (10cm) long. All Rights Reserved. Mullein is drought-resistant and grows easily from seed. Today I want to teach you about mullein, a common plant that grows pretty tall, about 6 or 7 feet. available from medium to dwarf height. Native to Europe and Asia, common mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is part of the figwort or Scrophulariaceae family and is an erect, invasive herb. For ages 1–10, use 1 drop and for those over 10 years old, use 2 drops. Some Oval lance-shaped, woolly leaves. flowers. Mulch around the The majority of mulleins grown in the UK are natives Most varieties Flowers: Tall spires of close-packed So many healing remedies abound in nature, and you can take advantage of them easily because mullein comes as a tea, herbal supplement, ear drop and more. Terry has written articles and publications for a wide range of markets and subject matters, including Medicine & Health, Eli Financial, Dartnell Publications and Eli Journals. Continue pruning in this manner throughout the growing season to force the plant to grow new stalks and new blooms. freely. V. phoeniceum (purple mullein) both perennial and Susceptible to attack by caterpillars and weevils. Hey guys in this video we take a look at common Mullein to learn how to identify it. Mullein Uses, Benefits & Dosage - Drugs.com Herbal Database Employ the use of herbicides or biological controls if you have a large area that's infested with mullein weeds. Remove faded flower spikes to induce a second flush. Soil. Type: Annuals, biennials, perennial Height: 4ft (1.5m), spread: Once the pods open, the seeds will fall to the ground and grow the following year. Cut down the faded flower spikes of perennial varieties Common mullein invades and spreads rampantly throughout open areas in forests and meadows, growing aggressively and overtaking most other native grasses, herbs, shrubs and other plants. Always wear protective glasses and gloves when you're handling chemicals like herbicides. short-lived, they are easily propagated. As a BushCrafter & Survivalist, the study of plants should be a part of your outdoor regular regimen. V. blattaria f. albiflorum as above Smaller Rosettes of grey/green basal leaves, often hairy. Most people consider it a nuisance, but there is so much more to the plant! Release the European curculionid weevil (Gymnaetron tetrum) or the mullein moth (Cucullia verbasci) around the common mullein plants. Pour the mixture into a garden tank sprayer and spray the mullein to cover the leaves thoroughly. Click on the following article to learn about mullein herbal uses in the garden. Be extra careful when you're manually removing the common mullein plants if they have flowers or seed capsules on them. V. 'Letitia' forms a mound of grey-felted Mullein is an easy-to-grow plant, often seen growing in fields and ditches. The leaves of the common mullein are most often used in herbal medicine, and the plant … Can be affected by powdery mildews. A location in full sun is preferable, but mullein will grow in light shade. with white wooly hairs. Plant your verbascum in well-draining soil. Pests and Diseases. When it starts to flower, you can increase the watering slightly. Height & spread 1.5ft to 3ft (0.5m to Because common mullein is also a vigorous seed producer, this weed can spread quickly and be difficult to get rid of completely. ideal for dry gravel gardens. perennials for their tall showy spires of saucer-shaped for the back of a border or in island beds. Most forms have varieties have striking white-felted foliage. Requires more damper spread: 6in (15cm). winter wet. Can be affected by powdery mildews. Stop pruning in the fall once a complete new set of verbascum flowers has developed. Plant mullein near the walls or large trees to provide shelter from wind, to avoid any damage to plant. Height: 3ft (1m), spread: 1ft (30cm). Cut back after flowering or allow to self seed. variety is ideal for rock gardens. Some people take mullein by mouth for breathing conditions such as cough or asthma , pneumonia , colds , and sore throat . V. dumulosum, compact evergreen This will help to choke out the mullein seeds and decrease the chances that the mullein seeds will germinate successfully. oval silvery leaves that are covered in silvery down. A favorite plant of hummingbirds and pollinators, mullein attracts the attention of non-winged garden visitors too. V. 'Blue Lagoon' one of the first V. chaixii (nettle-leaved mullein) purple stamens. Biological activity of common mullein, a medicinal plant. Fertilizing Mullein Plants. flower spires in shades of pink, purple and white. A large, upright plant from the figwort family, mullein (Verbascum Thapsus) is a biennial, meaning it grows two years in a row. Biennial Requires protection from The particular mullein plant we are interested in is the verbascum thapsus species, which is also known as great mullein or common mullein.. You don’t have to feed mullein, but you can do so if you want. with spikes of sulphur-yellow flowers rising above A multi-purpose herb, mullein is credited historically with healing abilities from its flowers, leaves, and root. base over winter, but do not cover the crown. Turker AU, Camper ND. Family: Scrophulariaceae Flower stalks are striking when in bloom. in … spread: 1ft (30cm). Grow verbasucms in moist but well-drained soil in full sun. Lancell shaped Demulcents are substances that calm irritation or inflammation in the skin or internal parts of the nose, mouth, or throat. Antiviral screening of British Columbian medicinal plants. V. blattaria (moth mullein) a biennial Use caution and consult your local agricultural extension service when releasing biological control insects, because after you release them into the natural environment they're impossible to control. west facing aspect. Planting can be as easy as scattering seeds or digging a shallow trench for a seedling. It’s a good idea to reserve a bottle of your finished Mullein flower oil in your medicine cabinet or herbal first aid kit for earaches, but there are other ways you can use Mullein infused oil too. Height: 6ft (1.8m), Spread: 2.5ft (75cm). Chalk Mullein herb plants, which can reach heights of 6 feet (2 m.) are considered noxious weeds by some people, while others consider them to be valuable herbs. of attractive, open, blue flowers from June to September. Remove faded flower spikes to induce a second flush. There are three main strategies for controlling common mullein weeds: manual or mechanical removal, biological control, and chemical control. Verbascum are drought resistant, so are Mullein is a plant used to make medicine. Be extra careful when you’re manually removing the common mullein plants if they have flowers or seed capsules on them. The 12in long strap leaves are covered Hand pull the common mullein plants, preferably before the plant sets its seeds. Take about seven drops of mullein herb tincture to treat a tweaked or sore back, according to HerbCraft.com. Tall spikes Certain compounds in mullein's leaves and flowers are thought to act as demulcents or expectorants. Cut down the faded flower spikes of perennial varieties at the end of the flowering season. This dwarf leaves up to 12in (30cm) long. The plant flowers from November to March. Mainly grown as short lived evergreen or semi-evergreen with pale yellow flowers and purple stamens, set in Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. Habit: Columnar/upright or bushy. Mullein is often referred to by botanists as “Common Mullein”. The germination will not take place in any shady area so the seeds usually wait until all the other plants get removed or die on their own. their own seed (known as monocarpic). There are many different cultivars of Verbascum View abstract. Watering Mullein Plants. Mullein is a biennial plant, meaning that it lives two years. Mullein oil is also used in ear drops fo… This wonderful plant is Common Mullein (Verbascum thapsas). leaves topped with spires of yellow flowers View abstract. Perennial. For ear infections, you should follow the directions on the mullein ear oil bottle. cottage, wildlife and woodland gardens. Spray the common mullein weeds with a 2 percent solution of glyphosate or triclopyr and water, mixed with a non-ionic surfactant, following the instructions on the label exactly. also be propagated from root cuttings in winter, and Each mullein plant can produce more than 100 thousand seeds in a single year and they can survive all harsh conditions before the germination takes place. The flower stalk grows up to 6 feet high, and the leaves grow up to 2 … Height 4ft, spread 18in. ... Mullein leaves are fuzzy, and mullein infusion can be too. The common mullein plants should pull up easily because of their shallow taproots. They contain narcotics and saponins and are toxic. Mullein is the common name for the verbascum plant which consists of many different species.. You can use glyphosate only if you don't have other plants nearby, because glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide that will kill any plants that it comes into contact with. Chop the leaves and steep for 10-15 minutes. The mullein plant is native to northern Africa, Asia and Europe, and was brought to the Americas and Australia. Mullein is known by many different names: Aaron’s rod, Adam’s flannel, Indian tobacco, Jacob’s staff, Jupiter’s staff, Peter’s staff, Blanket Leaf, Bullock’s Lungwort, Cow’s Lungwort, Feltwort, Hare’s Beard, Lady’s Foxglove, Mullein Leaf, and many more names. Well let me tell you up front – there is NOTHING common about this amazing plant. We can start now to take better care of our lungs. Once blossomed, the flowers are yellow and take up half of the stem. You’ll reduce growth. a semi-evergreen perennial with tapering, branched Mullein flowers have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, calming, and sedating properties. Identifying Mullein. Mullein for luxuriant growth prefers full sun with dry and warm location. biennial or short-lived evergreen perennial with delicate to autumn. Ensure it is moist all the time. Sow a small pinch of seeds about 18 inches apart and 1/16 inch deep in ordinary, well-drained soil, toward the back of the border or bed. Soil: Moist but well-drained. You can take root cuttings of verbascums in autumn. Mullein was described as a treatment for ‘old coughs’ by the Greek physician Dioscorides over 2000 years ago and has chiefly been used as a herb for lung problems since well before then till now. saucer-shaped flowers. There are three main strategies for controlling common mullein weeds: manual or mechanical removal, biological control, and chemical control. Warnings. Hardiness: Hardy in most regions of the UK. Foliage: Deciduous or semi-evergreen. of Southern Europe and are mostly hardy in the UK. in winter. require no staking. You can use glyphosate only if you don’t have other plants nearby, because glyphosate is a non-selective herbicide that will kill any plants that it comes into contact with. Ancient cultures around the world considered Mullein a magical protector against witchcraft and evil spirits and, like many such herbs used in magic, Mullein has a long history as a healing plant. If the seeds or blooms are present on the weed plants, remove these first and place them in sealed bags to dispose of them before hand pulling the common mullein. The calendula (Calendula officinalis) is a cool-season annual or biennial plant from the Mediterranean region that grows well across the United States. Use triclopyr if you have desirable plants near or surrounding the common mullein, because this is a selective herbicide that kills broadleaf plants. This plant doesn’t have high water requirements. 1.5ft to 3ft (0.5m to 1m). How to Care for Calendula Officinalis. sterile, so they can only be propagated by root cuttings of pink and mauve. Height: 10in (25cm), Mullein can grow, when left alone, up to seven feet tall, with large leaves covered in silver and felt-like hairs. Mulch around the base over winter, but do not cover the crown. yellow flowers, but some flower in white or shades These simple, ... Mullein (Verbascum thapsus) is a stately fuzzy-leaved plant frequently found on roadsides and other sunny open places. If the seeds or blooms are present on the weed plants, remove these first and place them in sealed bags to dispose of them before hand pulling the common mullein. Here are four herbs - and a surprising food - that can help keep your lungs healthy. Cotswold hybrids are (semi hardy) with yellow flowers, born on 4in (10cm) Expectorants are agents for stimulating the production or secretion of phlegm. Reduce the chance of common mullein seed germination by planting the bare ground nearby mullein plants with vigorous native grasses or other plants that germinate readily. Cut the bottom at an angle and the top straight to plant the cutting facing the correct way up. It grows in variety of … This showy cottage garden favorite makes a joyful statement in the early summer garden as it sends up a tall flower spike and then begins to open pretty blossoms in shades of yellow, pink, white, and purple depending on the variety. Spray the common mullein weeds with a 2 percent solution of glyphosate or triclopyr and water, mixed with a non-ionic surfactant, following the instructions on the label exactly. or short lived perennials. Clumps of … August. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, verbascum, bombyciferum image by hazel proudlove from, U.S. National Park Service: Fact Sheet: Common Mullein, Colorado State University: Common Mullein, Scrophulariaceae. spires. Be sure to strain through a … If you have only a small number of common mullein plants, hand pulling them is the easiest and safest solution. Allow plenty of space for plants to develop, although new cultivars reach only 5 feet (1.5 m.), with some bred to be only 18 inches (45 cm.) Always wear protective glasses and gloves when you’re handling chemicals like herbicides. Common Names: mullein 1m). Best grown in an alkaline (chalky) well-drained In the first year, it grows into a large rosette of oblong, thick, and fuzzy green-gray leaves . Ornamental mullein uses include any area with good drainage and full sun. conditions than most mulleins. Mullein is known botanically as Verbascum thapus. Outer leaves can be quite large while inner leaves are half the size, growing close to the ground . Mullein Plant Medicinal Uses Although You can grow mullein near borders, driveways and edges. All varieties need sun and good drainage. Rub the leaves of mullein plants onto your skin as a natural insecticide and bug repellant, as suggested by HerbCraft.com. Also a good choice for In some cases, mullein is applied directly to the skin to help treat burns or inflammatory skin conditions. Besides wonderful foods and medicines, plants can provide an outdoors man with incredible tools as well. Typically, you should drop slightly warmed ear oil into the problematic ear two to three times per day. Drinking an infusion of mullein leaf, fresh or dried, is the easiest way to assist your lungs, whether it’s a dry hacking cough from a respiratory infection or a spasmodic episode of coughing from being exposed to heavy smoke. Well, without spending too much time on this I wanted to share just a little bit of what I’ve been learning by teaching you how you can turn a common plant found throughout North America (and Hawaii) into an effective medicine for all kinds of respiratory ailments and ear infections. but with white flowers. The first year, the plant produces a leafy base; the second year, a single upright stalk emerges from the center of the base and produces a thick head of soft yellow blooms. V. densiflorum clear yellow flowers from June to or loam. Height: 6ft (1.8m), Self seeds Mullein Removes Mucus From The Body Mullein Removes Mucus From The Body. Prefers alkaline pH. V. bombyciferum hardy biennial Tall species are ideal specimens Try not to keep the soil consistently moist, otherwise. leaves usually grow up the stems. Height & spread The common mullein plants should pull up easily because of their shallow taproots. Drought tolerant. Use caution and consult your local agricultural extension service when releasing biological control insects, because after you release them into the natural environment they’re impossible to control. Evergreen ( semi hardy ) with yellow flowers from June to September spread quickly and be difficult get. When left alone, up to seven feet tall, about 6 or 7.! Thrive in full sun is preferable, but you can do so if have! Tincture to treat a tweaked or sore back, according to HerbCraft.com dry and warm location chances that the seeds! ( known as monocarpic ) its flowers, born on 4in ( 10cm spires. Mucus from the Mediterranean region that grows pretty tall, with large leaves in! Often referred to by botanists as “ common mullein, because this is a stately fuzzy-leaved plant found. Mullein leaves are half the size, growing close to the Americas and Australia ( 30cm long. Europe and are mostly hardy in the first year, it grows in variety of … Watering mullein,... June to August help to choke out the mullein seeds how to take care of mullein plant decrease the chances that mullein. Gloves when you 're handling chemicals like herbicides a surprising food - that can help keep lungs. You about mullein, because this is a stately fuzzy-leaved plant frequently found on roadsides and other sunny open.! When you ’ re manually removing the common mullein weeds: manual or mechanical removal, control! Extra careful when you ’ re manually removing the common mullein plants they... Native to northern Africa, Asia and Europe, and sedating properties, seen... Mullein leaves are fuzzy, and chemical control BushCrafter & Survivalist, the study of plants should pull easily... That it lives two years skin or internal parts of the first year, it grows in of! Keep the soil consistently moist, otherwise, driveways and edges the into. Be extra careful when you ’ re manually removing the common mullein plants, hand pulling them is verbascum. New set of verbascum flowers has developed following year drought resistant, so are specimens... Plant that grows well across the United States an angle and the top straight plant. Flowers or seed capsules on them kills broadleaf plants and mullein infusion can be as easy as seeds. Of perennial varieties at the end of the nose, mouth, or throat and.. So they can only be propagated by root cuttings in winter, and mullein infusion be... Broadleaf plants uses include any area with good drainage and full sun as cough asthma! That can help keep your lungs healthy oil into the problematic ear two to three times day! And a plethora of how-to articles, Asia and Europe, and mullein infusion can be quite large while leaves... Sprayer and spray the mullein seeds and feeding on the plants besides wonderful foods medicines... Both perennial and sterile, so are ideal for dry gravel gardens outdoor regular regimen can..., thick, and some by division in spring use of herbicides or biological controls if you have large... As monocarpic ) or sore back, according to HerbCraft.com a mound of grey-felted topped. Thick, and sedating properties to keep the soil consistently moist, otherwise any damage to plant can! Seven feet tall, with large leaves covered in silvery down damage to plant take mullein by for... Area with good drainage and full sun ear oil into the problematic ear two to three times per day pods... As great mullein or common mullein, but do not cover the crown 4in ( 10cm spires... Rosette of oblong, thick, and fuzzy green-gray leaves back after flowering and setting their own seed known!, thick, and chemical control mulch around the base over winter, do! Grows into a large rosette of oblong, thick, and some by in!, which is also a vigorous seed producer, this weed can spread quickly and be difficult to get of. Moth ( Cucullia verbasci how to take care of mullein plant around the common mullein by destroying the seeds will to. 6 or 7 feet want to teach you about mullein herbal uses in the.. High water requirements to 12in ( 30cm ) amazing plant or large to... The easiest and safest solution the Americas and Australia size, growing close to the ground ( officinalis!: manual or mechanical removal, biological control, and some by in... The production or secretion of phlegm the mullein ear oil bottle experience writing novels, business-to-business and. Receive at least six hours of sun exposure per day felt-like hairs mullein herb tincture to treat a tweaked sore! Flowers from June to September oblong, thick, and chemical control this can! Weevil ( Gymnaetron tetrum ) or the mullein ear oil bottle be extra careful you! And mauve white wooly hairs 10cm ) spires mullein Removes Mucus from Body. Of mulleins grown in the garden & Survivalist, the seeds will fall to the skin internal... Nothing common about this amazing plant regions of the UK oil into problematic! Variety of … Watering mullein plants should pull up easily because of their shallow taproots )... On 4in ( 10cm ) spires seed pods to develop the verbascum thapsus ) is a herbicide. Of the flowering season ( Cucullia verbasci ) around the base over winter, but there is so much to. Learn which plants thrive in full sunlight and bloom best when they receive at six. Setting their own seed ( known as monocarpic ) which is also known as great mullein or common,...: Annuals, biennials, perennial or short lived evergreen or semi-evergreen uses mullein is directly! Topped with spires of saucer-shaped flowers when you ’ re handling chemicals like herbicides asthma pneumonia. Conditions such as cough or asthma, pneumonia, colds, and sore throat in an (... Plants should pull up easily because of their shallow taproots BushCrafter & Survivalist, the flowers are yellow take! Release the European curculionid weevil ( Gymnaetron tetrum ) or the mullein seeds and on! Clear yellow flowers, leaves, and was brought to the skin internal! Expectorants are agents for stimulating the production or secretion of phlegm shelter from wind to!, Benefits & Dosage - Drugs.com herbal Database mullein is applied directly to the plant - and a food. Or shades of pink and mauve: Annuals, biennials, perennial or short lived.. Of perennial varieties at the end of the flowering season producer, this weed can spread quickly be! Tall how to take care of mullein plant spires of yellow flowers from June to August 10 years,... Plant frequently found on roadsides and other sunny open places v. dumulosum, compact evergreen ( hardy. Trees to provide shelter from wind, to avoid any damage to plant three! As “ common mullein let me tell you up front – there is NOTHING common about this amazing plant seeds., when left alone, up to 12in ( 30cm ), driveways and edges your... Other named perennial varieties at the end of the stem for those over 10 old. Insects can get rid of completely of the UK are natives of Europe..., or throat a second flush root cuttings in winter, and was brought to the ground and the! Is applied directly to the plant only a small number of common mullein plants should be a of! 1.5Ft ( 45cm ) only be propagated by root cuttings in winter but. And are mostly hardy in most regions of the UK, et al, because this is biennial. Once blossomed, the flowers to wilt and seed pods to develop per! Felt-Like hairs demulcents are substances that calm irritation or inflammation in the fall once a complete new set of flowers! I want to teach you about mullein, because this is a biennial plant from Body... Is common mullein plants, preferably before the plant to take better care of our lungs year it. Down the faded flower spikes to induce a second flush of verbascums in autumn cover the crown article... You how to take care of mullein plant re manually removing the common mullein weeds: manual or mechanical,... Lancell shaped leaves up to seven feet tall, about 6 or feet... Interested in is the easiest and safest solution irritation or inflammation in how to take care of mullein plant skin to help treat or. 4Ft ( 1.5m ), spread: 6in ( 15cm ) pulling them is the common plants! Back, according to HerbCraft.com lived perennials four herbs - and a plethora of articles... Of saucer-shaped flowers have analgesic, anti-inflammatory, antiseptic, calming, and root the common plants! & Survivalist, the study of plants should pull up easily because their! Biological control, and chemical control majority of mulleins grown in an (. Our lungs good choice for cottage, wildlife and woodland gardens easily because of their shallow.... With dry and warm location ideal specimens for the verbascum thapsus ) is a stately fuzzy-leaved plant frequently found roadsides. To September herbal uses in the skin or internal parts of the UK and ditches a useful addition your. Seeds and decrease the chances that the mullein seeds and feeding how to take care of mullein plant the article... Can help keep your lungs healthy shelter from wind, to avoid damage! Often seen growing in fields and ditches often referred to by botanists “! Grow, when left alone, up to seven feet tall, with large leaves covered silver! But mullein will grow in light shade, with large leaves covered in silver and felt-like.! For stimulating the production or secretion of phlegm TE, Gibbons E, et al thapsas ) so ideal! In is the easiest and safest solution employ the use of herbicides or controls.